About Action Plans
There are many animal and plant species occurring in the Czech Republic which are - according to the red lists of vascular plants, invertebrates and vertebrates - in danger of extinction. The goal of nature conservation is to ensure the future existence of these species as a component of our fauna and flora. Ways of reaching this goal may be different, from passive (legislative) protection, through designing protected areas, to ensuring needed management by the use of grants. For certain species, however, these tools alone are not sufficient: it is necessary to coordinate them carefully, and to add other kinds of measures, as for example reproduction of the species ex situ and their repatriation into wild. Therefore, Action and Management Plans are being prepared for such species. Action Plans aimed at preservation of threatened species are a very popular, more and more often used tool in both the Czech Republic and abroad. The implementation of such projects is, however, considerably limited because of their high demand of funds, logistics and manpower. The preparation and implementation of an Action or Management Plan for a certain species is meaningful only after the many specific conditions formulated by the Standing Committee of the Bern Convention and by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) have been met. Neglecting these rules usually results in a failure of these projects.
The Action Plans are considered to be temporary projects, the purpose of which is to achieve an increase of the population of a given species above the level of extinction threat by an application of different kinds of measures. The level of extinction threat is different in different species as a result of different types of distribution of residual populations, ecology of the species, type and power of the threat factors, etc. An Action Plan is terminated after the given quantitative goals have been achieved. It also, however, can be terminated in the case of its failure (extinction of the species) or in the case of its ineffectiveness proven during the process of its implementation.
Recommendation of the Bern Convention
Recommendation No. 59 of the Drafting and Implementation of Action Plans of Wild Fauna Species. Adopted by the Standing Committee on 5 December 1997).